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Divorced dads face bigger support bills

Calgary father told higher salary means larger payment

Calgary Herald,  Suzanne Wilton, with files from Cristin Schmitz, for CanWest News Service, Tuesday, February 08, 2005

A Calgary man has been ordered to pay more than $100,000 in back child support in what's being described as a landmark court ruling that could affect fathers across Canada.

The case potentially opens the door to a flood of claims by custodial parents -- usually moms -- seeking retroactive payments, say family lawyers.

"This is big-time law," said Calgary lawyer Lonny Balbi, past chairman of the Canadian Bar Association's National Family Law Section. "It could be a huge numbers issue."

A judgment handed down by the Alberta Court of Appeal last month upheld a lower court's ruling that Daryl Ross Henry should pay retroactive support for his two daughters.

The court ruled that Henry should have increased his payments as his income dramatically rose in the years after his divorce from Celeste Rosanne Henry. He earned $183,906 in 1995 and $231,900 in 2002.

In 1991, the year after the couple split, the father was paying $700 per month despite earning $6,125 per month, or $73,500 a year.

In 1997, federal rules took effect tying the amount of child support directly to income. And though Henry had voluntarily increased his monthly support to $1,186 by 2002, he was still paying less than half of what his obligation would have been according to the formula set out by Ottawa.

"If you make more noney -- significantly more then there is a duty to contribute," said the mother's lawyer, Daniel Colborne, who rejects the so-called "floodgate" argument.

"If you make Rmore money you should share with the kids -- or don't have them. It's about responsibility."

The case was one of four in Alberta to reach the same conclusion in January.

Three of the judgments were handed down on the same day. The decisions could be used to argue similar cases in other provinces unless there is a definitive ruling on the issue from the Supreme Court of Canada.

Balbi argues the rulings run contrary to national child support guidelines set out by the federal government in 1997, which he said allow for retroactive payments -- but only back to the date when the child support recipient goes to court seeking a review.

In the Henry case, the courts ruled the ex-wife was entitled to back child support to 1997, when the national guidelines took effect, even though she didn't formally request her ex-husband to disclose his income, or take legal action to increase payments until much later.

According to the court ruling, the mother was struggling to provide the basic necessities for her children on an annual income of $38,400.

She claimed when she asked for additional financial help over the years, her ex-husband refused and threatened to fight her in court and seek custody of the girls.

In 1992, the mother's phone was cut off when she couldn't pay the bill. When she sought assistance to pay for treatment for a bedwetting problem with one of the children, he refused.

The father -- who did help pay for braces and offered some other financial assistance -- argued in court that to pay more than $100,000 in back child support would be a hardship, as he's now remarried with twin boys.

The court, however, rejected that argument.

"This is a lot of money," said Court of Queen's Bench Justice Patricia Rowbothom, "approximately half of Mr. Henry's income. And he has a new family to support.

"On the other hand, Ms. Henry already endured the hardship of maintaining a home and providing for (the children)," she said.

Balbi said the ruling means the onus is now on the payee, usually the father, to cough up extra cash every time his income goes up.

"What happens, as his income goes up, he has to voluntarily pay more Now, he has to monitor his income situation and just pay it.

"The problem is what happens if his income goes down? Does he start paying less?

"It's very bizarre."

Danny Guspie, executive director of the Toronto-based Fathers Resources International, criticized the judgment, saying it's another strike against dads.

"It doesn't get to the heart of the matter, which is why did he avoid (paying more)." said Guspie.

"He avoided because he perceived an inherent unfairness in the guidelines.

"I guess she won the lottery."

National Post

Ontario's child financial support collection agency has big problems

Ontario's Family Responsibility Office has many problems

Quote from Ontario Government Ombudsman -"an equal opportunity error-prone program,."'

Support recipients not getting their money.

Men who've been meeting their court-ordered obligations have trouble getting the FRO to stop taking payments when it's supposed to.   Read More ..

National Post logo

Pilloried, broke, alone

March 25, 2000

Divorced fathers get a bad rap for not supporting their children. The truth is, many can't. And, tragically, some are driven to desperate measures, including suicide.

In his suicide note, Jim, the father of four children, protests that "not all fathers are deadbeats." Jim hanged himself because he couldn't see any alternative. Even now, his children are unaware of the circumstances of their father's death. Meeno Meijer, National Post George Roulier is fighting to regain money wrongfully taken from his wages by the Ontario child-support collection agency. Chris Bolin, National Post Alan Heinz, a Toronto firefighter, has gone bankrupt fighting for the return of his daughter, 3, from Germany. No one will help him, but German authorities are trying to collect child support from him.

Whenever fathers and divorce are discussed, one image dominates: the 'deadbeat dad,' the schmuck who'd rather drive a sports car than support his kids. Because I write about family matters, I'm regularly inundated with phone calls, faxes, letters and e-mail from divorced men. It's not news that divorced individuals have little good to say about their ex-spouses. What I'm interested in is whether the system assists people during this difficult time in their lives, or compounds their misery. From the aircraft engineer in British Columbia, to the postal worker on the prairies, to the fire fighter in Toronto, divorced fathers' stories are of a piece: Though society stereotypes these men relentlessly, most divorced dads pay their child support. Among those who don't, a small percentage wilfully refuse to (the villains you always hear about).

What you haven't been told is that the other men in arrears are too impoverished to pay, have been ordered to pay unreasonable amounts, have been paying for unreasonable lengths of time, or are the victims of bureaucratic foul-ups. Read More ..

Calgary Sun newspaper logo

Non-dad on hook for support

Edmonton and Calgary Sun
Feb 5, 2005

EDMONTON -- An Edmonton judge has decided a divorced dad has to make child support payments, even though the child isn't his. Justin Sumner had an on-again-off-again relationship with the woman he eventually married, Dawn Sumner.

She already had a child from a previous relationship with a man named Rob Duncan, and as she and Justin broke up and reunited, Dawn was sexually involved with both men.

When she found she was pregnant, she called Justin, who recognized there was a possibility that Duncan was the father, but later concluded he was the dad. Read More ..

Father Committeed Suicide after calling Family Responsibility Office

Andrew T. Renouf committed suicide on or about October 17, 1995 because he had 100% of his wages taken by the Family Responsibility Office, a child support collection agency of the Government of Ontario, Canada.

He asked for assistance for food and shelter from the welfare office and was refused because he had a job, even though all of his wages were taken by the Family Responsibility Office.

Andy was a loving father that hadn't seen his daughter in 4 years.

A memorial service was held in October, 1998, for Andy in front of the Family Responsibility Office at 1201 Wilson Avenue, West Tower, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. This is in the Ministry of Transportation grounds in the Keele St. & Hwy 401 area. All members of the Ontario Legislature were invited by personal letter faxed to their offices. Not one turned up. The Director of the Family Responsibility Office and his entire staff were invited to the brief service. The Director refused and wouldn't let the staff attend the service although it was scheduled for lunch time. There was a peaceful demonstration by followed by a very touching service by The Reverend Alan Stewart. The text of the service will soon be able to be read below.

The service made the TV evening news.

It was Andy's last wish that his story be told to all. YOU CAN READ HIS SUICIDE NOTE