Steve Walters: Avoid the Canadian curse of universal day care

Steve Walters, The Examiner, BaltiRead More ..Maryland, U.S.A. July 26, 2006

BALTIMORE, Maryland, U.S.A. - Having trouble finding good, cheap day care for the kiddies? What if the government made licensed care available to all for $5 a day. Wouldnt that be sweet?

Not so fast. Before you write to your congressional representative demanding such a program, you might want to consider how it has worked out for the Canadian province of Quebec.

Its dogma among feminists and other left-leaning intellectuals that an enlightened society would liberate young mothers from the shackles of child rearing by making day care cheap and available to all. So, back in the late 90s, Quebeckers did exactly that: Starting in 1997, the Quebec Family Policy law guaranteed government-regulated daycare slots to pre-kindergarteners for a parental contribution of $5 per child per day (since raised to $7), with the rest of the bill footed by taxpayers.

Enough time has elapsed to see the effects of this generous universal day care entitlement. Recently, three eminent economists, Michael Baker (University of Toronto), Jonathan Gruber (MIT) and Kevin Milligan (University of British Columbia) reported their findings under the aegis of the prestigious National Bureau of Economic Research.

Some of the results do not surprise. The new subsidy yielded a one-third increase in licensed day care use in Quebec, enabling as feminists had hoped and predicted many more others of small children to join the paid labor force. Once the program was fully phased in, about two-thirds of Quebec mothers of children age 4 or younger worked outside the home (an increase of about 15 percent in just a few years), and most worked longer hours and more weeks per year.

So, thanks to the taxpayers, many moms (and their spouses) could enjoy higher disposable incomes. But what about the children? Its another feminist article of faith that day care is actually good for children, helping to socialize them and make them more self-reliant.

Thanks to Canadas National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth, which gathers detailed data on the health and welfare of a large sample of children as they grow up, we now have a neat test of this assumption.

The results should send shivers of fear up the spines of universal daycare advocates. Baker, Gruber, and Milligan find strong evidence that the Quebec experiment adversely affected the lives of young children. Specifically, children showed more hyperactivity, anxiety and aggressive behavior. Children also scored lower on motor and social skills tests and suffered from more physical illnesses since the program began.

Whats more, these effects are not small. The authors calculated that program participation decreased childrens motor and social skills scores at least 8 percent; increased incidence of hyperactivity at least 18 percent and anxiety at least 63 percent; increased frequency of ear infections at least 52 percent and nose/throat infections 156 percent; Quebec toddlers aggressiveness scores on the survey roughly doubled.

Even more surprising, perhaps, are indications that the Family Policy produced some negative side effects for parents relationship with their children and even on parents health. Quebeckers scores on the surveys hostile/ineffective parenting index rose 9 percent and their consistent parenting scores fell 4 percent. The frequency with which Quebec dads reported themselves in excellent health fell 6 percent, while moms reported increased incidence of depression and both spouses claimed diminished relationship satisfaction.

In sum, Quebecs Family Policy is a classic lose-lose proposition: a rip-off for taxpayers and a mixed blessing at best to the programs intended beneficiaries. We can thank Quebec parents for being the canary in the mine and should vow not to repeat their error.

Steve Walters is a Professor of Economics at Loyola College in Maryland, U.S.A.. Contact him at .

Paternity Fraud
UK National Survey

Paternity fraud survey statistics

Scotland's National Newspaper

96% of women are liars, honest

5,000 women polled

Half the women said that if they became pregnant by another man but wanted to stay with their partner, they would lie about the baby's real father.

Forty-two per cent would lie about contraception in order to get pregnant, no matter the wishes of their partner.

Infidelity Causes Paternity Fraud

Time magazine - Infidelity - It may be in our genes. Our Cheating Hearts

Infidelity--It may be in our genes. Our Cheating Hearts

Devotion and betrayal, marriage and divorce: how evolution shaped human love.

South Korean Husband Win Paternity Fraud Lawsuit - Associated Press

South Korean Husband Wins Paternity Fraud Lawsuit

Associated Press, USA
June 1, 2004

South Korean husband successfully sues wife for Paternity Fraud and gets marriage annulled.  Wins $42,380 in compensation

Paternity Fraud Philippines

DNA paternity test confirms fraud, annulment granted: judge | Visayan Daily Star Newspaper | Phillipines

DNA test confirms fraud, annulment granted: judge

The Visayan Daily Star, Bacolod City, Philippines, BY CARLA GOMEZ, February 28, 2009

Bacolod Regional Trial Court Judge Ray Alan Drilon has annulled the marriage of a Negrense couple after a DNA test showed that the child borne by the wife was not the biological offspring of the husband who works abroad.

The family court judge ruled that the marriage of the couple, whose names are being withheld by the DAILY STAR on the request of the court, was null and void.

Due to fraud committed by the wife in getting her overseas worker husband to marry her, properties acquired during their marriage are awarded in favor of the husband, the judge said in his decision, a copy of which was furnished the DAILY STAR yesterday.

The judge also declared that since the overseas worker is not the biological, much less the legitimate father of the child of the woman, the Civil Registrar is ordered to change the surname of the child to the mother's maiden name and remove the name of the plaintiff as father of the child.

The complainant said he was working as an electronics engineer in the United Arab Emirates and on his return to the Philippines in 2001, his girlfriend of 10 years with whom he had sex, showed him a pregnancy test result showing that she was pregnant.

On receiving the news he was overjoyed and offered to marry her. Shortly after he went to Saudi Arabia to work, and his wife gave birth to a baby girl in the same year.

The birth of the child only five months after their marriage puzzled him but his wife told him that the baby was born prematurely, so he believed her, the husband said. Read More ..

Paternity Fraud - Spain Supreme Court - Civil Damages

Daily Mail UK

Adulterous woman ordered to pay husband £177,000 in 'moral damages'

The Daily Mail, UK
18th February 2009

An adulterous Spanish woman who conceived three children with her lover has been ordered to pay £177,000 in 'moral damages' to her husband.

The cuckolded man had believed that the three children were his until a DNA test eventually proved they were fathered by another man.

The husband, who along with the other man cannot be named for legal reasons to protect the children's identities, suspected his second wife may have been unfaithful in 2001.

BBC logo

Infidelity 'is natural'

BBC, U.K., September 25, 1998

Females 'stray to gather the best possible genes for their offspring'

Infidelity may be natural according to studies that show nine out of 10 mammals and birds that mate for life are unfaithful.

Experts found animals that fool around are only following the urges of biology.

New studies using genetic testing techniques show that even the most apparently devoted of partners often go in search of the sexual company of strangers.

Females stray to gather the best possible genes for their offspring, while males are driven to father as many and as often as possible.

"True monogamy actually is rare," said Stephen T Emlen, an expert on evolutionary behaviour at Cornell University.

Paternity Fraud & the Criminal Code of Canada

Paternity fraud: Is it or should it be a criminal offence under the Criminal Code of Canada?

You be the judge.

A Quote Worth Remembering

"We must vigilantly stand on guard within our own borders for human rights and fundamental freedoms which are our proud heritage......we cannot take for granted the continuance and maintenance of those rights and freedoms."

John Diefenbaker