Suicide study surprises
Males in their mid-forties most likely to take their lives, Ontario group finds
The Globe and Mail. By DAWN WALTON, November 29, 2001 Print Edition, Page A10
Middle-aged men in Ontario are more likely to kill themselves than die in car crashes or succumb to other injuries, a national health agency reported yesterday.
The non-profit Canadian Institute for Health Information found that 1,012 people killed themselves in that province in 1998-99, but the vast majority of them -- 79 per cent -- were men with an average age of 44.
"The common perception is that suicide is something that affects teens and young men more than anything," said Greg Webster, the institute's manager of clinical registries. "We did find it surprising that for middle-aged men [aged 35 to 64], it was the leading cause of injury-related death."
Mr. Webster speculated that the Ontario findings would likely apply across the country. But because each province and the federal government gather data independently, it's not clear whether suicide would be the leading cause of injury-related death for men in mid-life across the country.
The institute, which has offices in Ottawa, Toronto and Vancouver, is now working with medical examiners across the country and Statistics Canada to design a nationwide survey.
According to Statscan data for 1997, the highest rates of suicide -- about 25 per 100,000 people -- was among men aged 20 to 64.
That compared with the highest suicide rate for women -- 7.6 per 100,000 people -- among those aged 45 to 64, according to Statscan. According to the institute's data for Ontario, suicide is not the leading cause of injury-related death for women in any age group.
Marilyn Doyle, suicide-prevention program co-ordinator with the Support Network in Edmonton, said she wasn't surprised by the findings in Ontario.
In Alberta, suicides have been the leading cause of injury-related deaths each year between 1993 and 1997, according to the Alberta Centre for Injury Control and Research. The rates are highest among men aged 20 to 44.
But Ms. Doyle said she doesn't think it means that middle-aged men are Read More ..t to turn to suicide than women are. Only the results are different.
"Men tend to chose Read More ..thal means."
She said men are more likely to use firearms or hang themselves, while women will try overdosing with drugs or alcohol or use vehicle exhaust -- methods that are less violent and where rescuers can intervene Read More .. easily.
The Ontario study found that men most often used guns or hanged themselves, while women overdosed or jumped to kill themselves.
As another possible reason for the disparity in suicide rates between men and women, Ms. Doyle suggested that men are less likely to turn to others for help at the risk of being perceived as weak.
Isaac Sakinofsky, who has studied the issue for 35 years and practises at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, also cited choice of method and gender roles for the differences.
He said suicide is, in part, a reaction to increasing responsibility, which can make some vulnerable to mental illness and make them turn to death to escape problems.
"If men are beaten by circumstances, they could become Read More ..gressive than females," Dr. Sakinofsky said.
Copyright 2001 Globe Interactive, a division of Bell Globemedia Publishing Inc.
April 1, 2000
BRANDON, Man. - Thirty-five years ago today, Lillian White gave birth to her youngest son. Yesterday, she knelt down and kissed his coffin at his graveside.
Darrin White committed suicide two weeks ago in Prince George, B.C., after a judge ordered him to pay his estranged wife twice his take-home pay in child support and alimony each month.
In death he has become a poignant symbol of family courts gone awry, of a divorce system run by people with closed minds, hard hearts and deaf ears. Read More ..
More and More teens are becoming depressed. The numbers of young people suffering from depression in the last 10 years has risen worryingly, an expert says.
BBC, UK, August 3, 2004
Government statistics suggest one in eight adolescents now has depression.
Unless doctors recognise the problem, Read More ..uld slip through the net, says Professor Tim Kendall of the National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health.
Guidelines on treating childhood depression will be published next year. Professor Kendall says a lot Read More ..eds to be done to treat the illness.
by Dr. Hazel McBride Ph.D. June 9-10, 1995
Violence and Abuse within the Family: The Neglected Issues
A public hearing sponsored by The Honourable Senator Anne C. Cools on June 9-10, 1995 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Transcript of Dr. Hazel McBride's presentation on the relationship between family conflict and suicide rates among men. Read More ..
PA News, U.S.A., By John von Radowitz, Science Correspondent, September 28, 2003
Broken marriages, living a single life and lack of income are the three factors chiefly to blame for a surge in suicides among young men, a new study has shown.
Suicide rates in England and Wales have doubled for men under 45 since 1950, but declined among women and older age groups of both sexes.
Researchers trying to discover why found that between 1950 and 1998 there were worsening trends for many suicide risk factors.
These included marital break up, birth and marriage declines, unemployment and substance abuse.
But those most associated with young men aged 25 to 34 were divorce, fewer marriages, and increases in income inequality.
Rate is especially high among baby boomers, statistics reveal. Read More ..
The Centre for Suicide Prevention has three main branches:
The Suicide Information & Education Collection (SIEC) is a special library and resource centre providing information on suicide and suicidal behaviour.
The Suicide Prevention Training Programs (SPTP) branch provides caregiver training in suicide intervention, awareness, bereavement, crisis management and related topics. Suicide Prevention
Research Projects (SPRP) advocates for, and supports research on suicide and suicidal behaviour.
StatsCan recently reported on a 10% increase in suicides. But StatsCan persists in ignoring the group of Canadians at greatest risk for suicide, as do the media and professional reports.
Suicide is a microcosm for those most under stress and most at risk of unresolved crisis in society. Suicides may logically be categorized as 100% citizens of Canada, and then as 79% male. The most critical measure of depression - suicide - is counted overwhelmingly in male corpses. For over 23 years widespread media and professional attention concentrated on 12,500 AIDS deaths, compared to little concern with 92,000 suicides.
Presentation to the Standing Committee on Justice and Legal Affairs of the House of Commons concerning Bill C-68 - Firearms Act.
by Brian L. Mishara, Ph.D. Past President, Canadian Association for Suicide Prevention and Professor of Psychology at the Université du Québec a Montréal. Read More ..